Capacity: 250 mL Suitable for cocktails: Martini, Manhattan, Cosmopolitan and Sidecar, etc. It is an inverted conical (V-shaped) glass with a handle, which is a typical glass used to hold the "King of Cocktails" martini, and it is also the most common cocktail glass, so it is sometimes directly referred to as "Cocktail Glass," which is the standard template for cocktail glasses around the world， glass cookware .
Why do martini glasses look like this?
An inverted triangle, a vertical line below, and a short horizontal line form the concise outline of a martini glass. You can recognize a contour like this from about a kilometer away.
A 1958 Time magazine article called the martini glass "a symbol of our (American) civilization." Perhaps nothing in the world of cocktails is as emblematic as a martini glass, although not everyone likes it.
Those who like it think it represents a synonym for maturity, culture, style, and good wine.
People who don't like it find it flamboyant (suitable for a high-profile male concave shape like 007) and impractical - even a slight shake in the hand can spill the wine. When drinking, you have to bend your neck and bow your head, hang your head over the glass and sip carefully. Once the wine glass is tilted too much, the wine will flow out of the corner of the mouth, as if drinking against the washbasin in embarrassment.
There are different opinions on why martini glasses have grown this way. There is a view that the law of "survival of the fittest" shaped the shape of the cup, because drinking in an illegal bar during the Prohibition period had to be prepared for police raids at all times. Surface tension helps to quickly release the aroma of the gin, and the slender legs naturally prevent the temperature of the hand from heating the wine.
Many people think that the martini glass is from the modern era. Debuted at the 1925 Paris World's Fair, but not immediately attracting attention, the glass is a modern take on the traditional wide-mouthed champagne coupe.
After years of intricately shaped glasses with engraved, embellished decorations, the simple geometric outline of the martini glass is considered a symbol of modernity and modernity. David Wondrich mentioned in the book "Imbible!" that the glass was originally used to drink champagne. You can find scenes in many movies from the 1920s.
Meanwhile, the martini is rapidly gaining favor as a cocktail. During the Prohibition period, most of the salons and hotels that were traditionally only open to men withdrew from the industry, and men and women drinking together in bars became a new cocktail culture. The 1930s film The Thin Man, starring Nick and Nora, a couple who liked to solve crimes while drinking martinis, is a representative record.
Cocktails go out of the bar and into the home, adding a sense of ritual to the bartending. In the 1930s, bartending at home became a man's art. In addition, the market for home bartending tools was opened up. Product design takes its aesthetic inspiration from contemporary/modernist architecture, interiors and furniture, and glassware with clean lines and geometric shapes is increasingly popular. By the 1940s, a new cocktail culture and a new cocktail glass finally came together. It was during this era that the cocktail glass became well known to the general public. At least verbally, the cup is directly called a martini glass.
But also in the 1940s, martinis changed. When architecture began to turn to Brutalism, martinis began to become dry and dry, vodka began to replace gin, the ritual of stirring was replaced by ice shaker, and the aesthetic taste of modernism was replaced by extremism. , which became a symptom of the decline of the martini.
What used to be a common cocktail among the vast majority of middle-class families in the United States has become more and more dry as the taste becomes more and more symbolic of excessive drinking and the banality of the life of the elite of big American companies. Some people say that this pure and transparent drink seems to transmit the purity and transparency of work life - or boring - it lacks the emotional intervention and chaos of real life.
Maybe this is what is called boom and bust. After two years of decline, the martini was finally completely abandoned by the trend in the 1970s and became a negative "enemy of the people". Not only did Esquire describe it as "bitter and medicine-like," but it also considered it to represent "hypocritical middle-class values, social vanity and stigma, a fatigued lifestyle of excessive drinking and potential masochistic tendencies.”
During their 1976 presidential debate, Carter and Ford also mentioned that working-class Americans were funding (the wealthy) "$50 Martini Lunches" (click here for Shangyin's article on "Three Tour Martini Lunches"). "Introduction). The Martini's reputation has become synonymous with wealth and conservatism, and its image is as disastrous as comparing it to Trump today.
By the 1980s and 1990s, the martini glass was relegated to being associated with low-profile fruit-flavored vodkas. Although the revival of today's cocktails has allowed martinis to shed some of those negative images. Some people have innovated the martini glass, and there are all kinds of variations, and some look very postmodern.
Designs by Lolita presents hand-painted martini glasses in a variety of styles. Some are festive, some are like urban graffiti. The bottom of the glass has a cocktail recipe printed on it. Each cup is made for a certain mood and situation, a bit like a martini cup with chicken broth.
There are also bartenders who have set their sights on the pre-Prohibition era of Jerry Thomas, when wide-mouthed champagne glasses were used for martinis, and some people used Nick & Nora glasses for martinis. Trends come and go, so to speak, the intimacy between martini and martini glass seems to be threatened by more classic cup shapes. Also because of the symbolism, the martini glass has taken two different paths.
Has the martini glass really retired from the stage? I am afraid that there is no other cup type that can speak a thousand words like a martini glass.